Dental caries, a prevalent concern affecting individuals across various age groups, demands our unwavering attention. It is crucial to recognize that cavities possess a progressive nature, with a tendency to exacerbate over time. Alarming statistics reveal that approximately one-third of adults endure the presence of one or more untreated cavities, representing a significant oral health challenge. Regrettably, the consequences of unaddressed cavities can escalate, leading to irreversible damage to the teeth. It is imperative to acknowledge that a cavity constitutes an infection that necessitates timely intervention and care. It is worth noting that cavities do not always manifest visibly; they can manifest discreetly beneath aging dental fillings or within interdental spaces. To circumvent such issues, the optimal approach lies in proactive prevention. To acquire comprehensive knowledge about dental caries treatment in Geneva at our Chantepoulet clinic, allow a guide to enlighten your path.

What is dental caries ?

Dental caries stems from a bacterial infection characterized by the formation of cavities or holes on or within the tooth structure.

This infection arises due to the action of oral bacteria, which produce acids that initiate an assault on the tooth’s protective enamel layer. While these bacteria play a vital role in digestion, they can pose a threat when oral hygiene is inadequate.

Early indicators of dental caries commonly include the following warning signs:

  • Discomfort or pain experienced during the consumption of food or beverages.
  • Heightened sensitivity to sweet foods or drinks.
  • Occasional toothaches or
  • Detection of a rough spot discernible by the tongue.
  • Occurrence of food particles or dental floss getting trapped between specific teeth.

Why prioritize treating dental caries?

In order to gain a comprehensive understanding of the development of dental caries, it is valuable to briefly explore the intricate structure of a tooth.

A tooth comprises 3 distinct components:

  • Enamel, the outermost layer of the tooth, serves as a formidable barrier, providing both protection and strength.
  • Dentine, situated beneath the enamel, constitutes the primary bulk of the tooth.
  • Pulp, located within the tooth, comprises a network of blood vessels and nerves. It nourishes the tooth and governs its sensitivity.

Enamel functions as the initial line of defense against the bacteria responsible for caries formation. However, if left untreated, bacteria can progressively breach the enamel, infiltrating the underlying dentine layer, or worse, reaching the pulp.

When a carie extends to the dental pulp, it incites an inflammatory response within the pulp tissue, referred to as pulpitis. In its early stages, pulpitis can often be addressed with a straightforward filling procedure.

Nevertheless, if the inflammation persists and timely intervention is neglected, more extensive measures become necessary. This is when root canal treatment, scientifically termed pulp devitalization, becomes imperative.

Our Tips to reduce the risk of dental caries

Cavities are not an inevitable consequence! Fortunately, integrating certain beneficial habits into your daily routine can effectively combat harmful bacteria. The most effective defense against cavities undeniably lies in excellent oral hygiene practices coupled with regular dental check-ups.

To minimize the likelihood of requiring dental caries treatment in Geneva, our compassionate team of dentists offers the following expert tips:

  • Regular toothbrushing: Brush your teeth meticulously 2 to 3 times a day employing a fluoride toothpaste. Fluoride aids in reducing the accumulation of plaque on the tooth surfaces.
  • Daily interdental cleaning: Incorporate the use of dental floss into your daily routine to effectively clean the spaces between your teeth, reaching areas inaccessible to traditional brushing.
  • Antiseptic and fluoride mouthwash: Harmful bacteria and particles in your mouth can be eliminated with a mouth rinse. It is important to note that a mouthwash should not replace regular oral maintenance, but rather be employed as an adjunct to toothbrushing and dental flossing.
  • Regular visits to your dental hygienist: Despite maintaining impeccable oral hygiene, dental plaque accumulation is inevitable. Hence, it is crucial to schedule appointments with your dental hygienist every 6 months for thorough cleaning. Regular scaling is pivotal in preserving optimal dental health. Furthermore, these visits facilitate early identification of potential issues, allowing for proactive treatment.
  • Healthy dietary habits: Eating healthily helps your body effectively fight infections. Alkaline foods, such as fruits and vegetables, promote healthy saliva flow, which contributes to maintaining oral health.
  • Minimize sugary snacking: Engaging in constant snacking on sugary foods or continuous consumption of sweetened beverages throughout the day proves detrimental to your teeth. Each intake of sugar triggers an acid attack on your tooth enamel.

Reminder about dental caries

Caries is an infectious disease caused by the destruction of tooth enamel due to acids produced during bacterial fermentation of dietary sugars. Ordinarily, saliva serves as a protective shield for our teeth, facilitating phases of demineralization and subsequent remineralization of tooth enamel that are benign in nature. However, when the production of acids persists or recurs over an extended period, demineralization becomes irreversible, ultimately culminating in the formation of carious lesions.

Dental caries treatment at Chantepoulet Clinic

In the case of small to medium-sized carious lesions, we employ aesthetic composite resin, a malleable paste, to achieve restorations that seamlessly blend with the natural appearance and functionality of your teeth.

In instances where the carious lesions are more extensive, we offer the option of onlays or inlays. These aesthetic restorations not only enhance the longevity of the affected tooth but also deliver an aesthetically pleasing outcome.

What to do when it's too late?

Endodontics : In situations where a cavity has been left untreated and has progressed to a more advanced stage, a simple restoration may no longer be sufficient. In such cases, if the dental pulp, including the nerve, becomes compromised, the need for root canal treatment (also referred to as endodontic treatment) arises. This intricate procedure involves the meticulous removal of the infected dental pulp to ensure thorough disinfection of the tooth. The root canals are then meticulously sealed with a highly durable filling material to prevent any further contamination. Depending on the complexity of the case, the treatment may span across one or two sessions. Additionally, root canal treatment may also be indicated in instances where the dental pulp has suffered damage as a result of trauma or injury.

Specific adapted equipment : To ensure precise and meticulous treatment, we employ an advanced operating microscope that provides exceptional magnification of the treatment area, allowing us to visualize the site in intricate detail, with magnification capabilities of up to 40 times. To safeguard and enhance the durability of a devitalized tooth, we provide laboratory-fabricated restorations like inlays and onlays, effectively preserving its strength and longevity.

By now, you recognize the utmost importance of promptly addressing any indications of dental caries. Maintaining optimal oral hygiene is paramount for upholding a healthy and radiant smile. Be proactive in caring for your teeth to ensure their well-being. Do not hesitate to reach out to us if you have any queries or concerns.